Orthodontic occlusion correction with braces is an effective method of treating teeth crookedness and position of the jaws in children and adults. The correction is carried out by changing the position of the teeth to the anatomical norm. The more responsive the tissues of the dentition, the faster the result is achieved.

Therefore, dentists recommend putting on braces at the age of 12-14. However, this does not mean that it is no longer possible for adults to correct the pathological situation. Modern orthodontic constructions solve the problem of pathological occlusion in a given case at almost any age and give self-confidence for many years.

Braces, for many decades, continue to be effective, reliable, and safe orthodontic appliances that allow carefully correcting defects in the position in the upper and lower teeth. It is most effective to use braces during adolescence when the bite is still forming. Despite the temporary aesthetic inconvenience when wearing braces, they will result in a beautiful smile.


The effectiveness of braces lies in the symbiosis of the prescribed prescription and the ability of orthodontic archwires to return to their shape. Due to this, teeth take their correct position. Adjusting archwires apply constant moderate pressure on the braces themselves, which leads to a correction of the dentition. The mechanism of occlusion correction is based on the so-called metal arch shape memory.


A brace system is a fixed device that consists of locks (braces), tubes or rings on the molars, and arches, tied with elastic or metal ligatures or locked in a brace.
It is traditionally fixed on both jaws, in some cases on one jaw or locally. They also use elastic chains, intermaxillary elastic traction, various bends on the arches (if necessary).
Case №1
Anterior crossbite (negative over-jet), teeth crowding, pathological abrasion, gum recession.
The patient was concerned about the aesthetic appearance of his teeth, specifically, crowding and abrasion.
Our specialists suggested two-phase orthodontic treatment. Since the patient is already an adult, it was decided to stretch the palatine suture. For this purpose, orthodontic device Hyrax was used. After 4 months of using the device, self-ligating braces were fixed on the upper and lower jaws. The adjustment was conducted once every 6-8 weeks. During the last phase of orthodontic treatment, the patient had an implant placed in the area of the 36th tooth.
After removing the braces, a zirconia crown was placed in the area of the 36th tooth implant. A metal retainer was fixed on the lower jaw. The patient was recommended wearing a plastic retainer for the next six months to keep the result.


Various abnormalities:

• dentoalveolar – crowding of teeth, the vestibular, palatal position of individual teeth, dystopia, etc.;
• skeletal defects (distal, mesial, open, closed, crossbite);
• combined pathologies – skeletal with dentoalveolar;
• creating a site for the implant;
• impacted teeth;
• tooth abrasion;
• traumatic occlusion.


Braces can be:

• classic vestibular;
• self-ligating;
• lingual.


Previous generation braces (classic ones) have wire or elastic ligatures. The arch is tightly attached by the ligatures, so they do not slide during the movement. Alignment and movement result from intense pressure. Bite correction is a long-term process and can cause temporary aesthetic inconveniences to the patient. Therefore, the new generation of ligatureless braces appeared. They are also external, but the difference is that the arch is passively attached, which is locked. She slides, acts selectively, with small but constant forces.

The lingual or internal brace system differs by its position, closer to the tongue, on the inside of the teeth. The advantage is its invisibility.
Classic vestibular braces and self-ligating braces can be made of different types of materials.

Metal braces – are the most popular option, they have been used for a very long time, so there is no doubt about their effectiveness in correcting the bite. Metal alloys are hypoallergenic.

Ceramic braces are small and smooth. Ceramics have an enamel tint so that they will be almost invisible.

Sapphire braces are only classic. They don’t differ much from the ceramic ones, but they are more transparent. This type of braces is made of artificially grown sapphire.

Lingual braces. A special dore gold is used for their manufacture. They are hypoallergenic, do not cause any local reactions or damage to the tongue. Their advantage is invisibility; they don’t change articulation and voice patterns.

There are also metal lingual braces. They guarantee invisibility but can strongly affect the pronunciation of fricatives due to the structure’s thickness interfering with the tongue movement.
Case №2
The patient is 52 years old, suffering from a second degree periodontal disease, distal deep bite, crowding of teeth.
Self-ligating braces were fixed in the upper jaw.
The final stage of the treatment of upper and lower jaws.
The treatment process took 12 months.


1. Preliminary treatment of cavities and hygiene services the day the braces are placed or the day before.
2. Installing the expander in the oral cavity.
3. Applying the etching gel to the teeth.
4. Washing and drying the surface of the teeth.
5. Applying adhesive (bond) to the etched areas. Photopolymerization.
6. A small particle of the composite is applied to the bracket platform and pressed against the planned tooth site. A particular lamp is used for polymerization.

7. The arch is inserted into a bracket slot, fixed in the tubes on the molars, tied with ligatures, or sealed in particular brace devices if the braces are self-ligating.

The correction is performed:
• once every 3-4 weeks for classic vestibular braces;
• once every 6-8 weeks for self-ligating (non-ligating) braces.
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    Due to intense pressure at the beginning of treatment, the patient feels tension, pain when biting, rubbing in certain places. After a week, the discomfort disappears. Correction is needed once every 3-4 weeks.
    The advantage of metal braces is their relatively low cost, making them affordable for all categories of patients.
    The disadvantage of ligature braces is the difficulty in cleaning and the fact that the material of the elastic bands can be stained with food. The treatment period is more extended than with self-ligating braces.
    The material is reliable and durable, hardly noticeable; it takes the color of the enamel.
    The ligatures can get stained, not compact.
    They are made of transparent artificial sapphire, less durable than ceramic ones, glitter in the light, suitable for snow-white teeth. The pressure on the teeth is lower.
    They can crumble, so you will have to replace them, re-paying the cost.
    They are made of a special dore gold and have a base platform where the plaque collects and does not allow cavities to develop due to insufficient hygiene. They are invisible.
    Contraindications: small teeth height, very crowded teeth, too narrow jaw, teeth grinding, mental disorders.
    A checkup once every 6-8 weeks. They can be ceramic and metal.
    The adaptation period is shorter than that of conventional braces; the pressure is much lower, the result is achieved faster by 3-4 months. After the first correction, the patient notices changes. Easy to clean.
    Chips are possible in ceramic self-ligating braces.

    Malocclusion and crooked teeth are not just a matter of aesthetics. Pathology leads to a variety of health problems. Violation of occlusion and incorrect anatomical alignment of the upper and lower jaw teeth leads to the following common complications:

    • reduced speech clarity;
    • difficulty in hygienic care and underlying risk for tooth decay;
    • injury to the tongue and mucous membranes of the oral cavity;
    • loosening of teeth with their subsequent loss;
    • drooling, spitting while talking.

    Malocclusion can lead to external imperfections, such as facial asymmetries, hollow cheeks, drooping mouth corners, and the nasolabial folds deepening. Depending on the malocclusion type, particular signs are formed: upper or bottom jaw extending forward, chewing disorders, pushing the tongue, and narrow mandible.

    Braces treatment

    Metal braces (one jaw), the entire treatment course
    From ₴21,500 to ₴26,600
    Aesthetic braces from artificial sapphire, the entire treatment course
    From ₴26,900 to ₴32,000
    Self-ligating metal braces (one jaw), the entire treatment course
    From ₴29,000 to ₴34,000
    Aesthetic self-ligating ceramic braces (one jaw), the entire treatment course
    From ₴36,000 to ₴41,000
    In case when sum for braces treatment has been paid in full, but the orthodontic treatment has not yet been completed, the patient attends corrections free of charge.
    1. At what age can you get braces? It is possible to start the orthodontic treatment with braces at the age of 12-13 after the root ends of permanent teeth have formed.
    2. Do you need to extract teeth before getting braces? It all depends on the pathology, which your doctor determines.
    3. Do braces damage teeth? If the patient has excellent hygiene, then the enamel traces are minimal. Still, there is remineralization therapy (saturation of the tooth tissues with minerals to strengthen the enamel and prevent cavities) according to the indications for those who have problems. This process is reduced when the lingual technique is applied.
    4. What should be done after removing the bracket system? After the end of orthodontic treatment, a retention period begins. During this period, it is essential to make a retention device (for example, a retainer, splint, or plate), which will fix and maintain the result.
    5. Can see the result after treatment with a bracket system? Yes, there is. After taking impressions, your expected result after treatment is simulated.
    This service is provided by doctors:
    Top-level dentist, orthodontist