Teeth restoration


Restoration is a technique to restore and improve teeth shape, color, and function with a composite (photopolymer). The dentist applies it to the prepared tooth in layers directly in the patient’s mouth. This type of restoration is called direct composite restoration.

This concept is broader because aesthetic dental work involves indirect ceramic restorations created in the laboratory manually and digital modeling and manufacturing systems.

Depending on the desired result, occlusal characteristics, initial state of the teeth, direct and indirect restoration methods are used.


Suppose the tooth is damaged by cavities, erosion, abrasion, trauma, or another significant defect. For example, it needs replacing an old restoration or modification to conform with objective aesthetic parameters. In short, restoration is required when a tooth has a defect that impairs its function, aesthetics or that can lead to decay.

Any restoration aims to restore the functionality and aesthetics of teeth, prolong vitality and service life.

Therefore, we strive to use all the best-known today respective techniques. The dental microscope facilitates the complete cleaning of the tooth from the signs of decay before restoration while allowing for a more gentle preparation.


There are two basic dental restoration methods for aesthetic restoration in dental therapy: direct and indirect methods.

In the first case, it is assumed that the crown part of the tooth will be augmented with light-cured composites directly in the patient’s mouth.

In the second case, unique fixtures created according to individual casts in the laboratory are used. Indirect restoration includes restoration methods such as stumps, veneers, crowns, etc.


Direct restorations can be placed during a single appointment directly into the patient’s mouth. The technique is used mainly in the frontal incisors region and other teeth less loaded during mastication. To achieve high aesthetic results and efficiency, the doctor must have relevant experience. It is the optimal choice of methods, materials, and an adequate assessment in determining the restoring technique of the tooth’s integrity that provides the expected result.

The restoration’s success is achieved by applying a composite material, followed by the veneer plate’s fabrication, adhesive structures, and other forms. Direct restoration allows the restoration of partially lost teeth located along the smile line. Most often, photopolymers are used to restore the integrity of the tooth.

Indications for aesthetic dental restoration:

  • malocclusion;
  • diseases causing tooth decay;
  • congenital dental defects or their abnormal position;
  • whitening of yellow teeth;
  • damage due to dental trauma;
  • cracked teeth treatment.

Innovative approaches allow restoring a tooth, even if the coronal plane is destroyed by more than one-third. An essential condition in this case is preserving the dental root and the absence of pathologies of the gingival tissue in the restoration area.

Due to direct aesthetic restoration, it is possible to eliminate defects in the enamel and slightly correct the teeth position.

Relative contraindications – bruxism, permanent wear due to malocclusion, cavities. However, the restoration can be carried out after the appropriate treatment.


The procedure is carried out in one visit with high-quality light-curing materials by a specialized therapist.

The tooth restoration process includes several main stages:

  • preparation – hygienic cleaning of teeth, selection of polymer color, anesthesia;
  • preparation of an affected area or defect within healthy tissues;
  • isolation of the restored tooth from other teeth and saliva during manipulation using rubber dam;
  • placement of the most transparent fiberglass pin (if necessary);
  • modeling of the crown part of the tooth by layer-by-layer application of a composite material;
  • grinding and polishing of a new tooth.


Direct dental restoration carried out in one visit has some advantages:

  • fast tooth restoration;
  • the ability to restore several units at once;
  • excellent aesthetics and durability;
  • long service life;
  • the ability to correct some defects of the tooth enamel.

The dental restoration method has some peculiarities. For example, an extended stay in the dentist’s chair. Or the possible need to solve related problems that arise in challenging clinical situations.

After restoring the tooth’s integrity, it is essential to follow proper oral hygiene and schedule professional teeth cleaning at least 2 times a year. Discoloration of the restored unit may occur frequently.


Direct restoration
Indirect restoration


Direct restoration requires the use of composite materials. They are applied layer by layer, modeled, and harden on the tooth exposed to a dental curing light. The correct approach to restoration means that for the anterior teeth, where the material’s optical properties are most important, a universal hybrid composite that is optimal in terms of color and transparency will be used. While for the chewing teeth, a specially designed composite with high strength should be used.
Direct composite restoration is currently the most common single visit dental restoration.
Case №1
The patient suffered from an unsatisfactory photopolymer restoration of her 4 front teeth.
The patient suffered from an unsatisfactory photopolymer restoration of her 4 front teeth.
Final result.

Restoration of Anterior Teeth

Anterior teeth have the most impact on the aesthetics of a smile. You can perform the restoration procedure in the presence of chips, abrasion, or other deformations. The abundance of methods allows restoring a tooth with any amount of intact tissues.

The method is selected based on the quality and quantity of tissues. With the complete removal of the root, an implantation operation is available. It allows returning the chewing function and prevents bite shift. Ceramic veneers are used for a perfect smile. Reconstruction with composite materials helps restore without losing healthy tissue.

Direct composite restorations of anterior teeth may require just one single visit to the dentist. First, the doctor selects the appropriate shade. Then, if the tissues are damaged, treatment is performed. Depending on the state of integrity of the tooth crown, the root is sometimes strengthened with a pin. Composite materials help correct the shape. The final step is grinding and polishing.

Posterior Composite Restoration

When building up posterior teeth, not only the aesthetic component is essential, but also the functional one. The quality of the composite restoration must be high for many reasons, as the teeth experience significant stress.

Composite restoration is available in the following cases:

  • part of the tissues is missing;
  • there are small chips;
  • there are signs of abrasion;
  • a gap between teeth.

The price of the procedure depends on the materials used and the amount of intact tissue. The buildup procedure is usually painless. The patient feels comfortable when removing minor defects.

The method is chosen based on the quality and quantity of the tissue. In the case of complete root extraction, implant surgery is available. It allows returning the chewing function and prevent a change in bite. Ceramic veneers are used for a perfect smile. For restoration without loss of healthy tissue, composite reconstruction is possible.

It would be best if you were careful or even cancel the visit in case of the following contraindications:

  • pathological grinding, bruxism;
  • pregnancy;
  • a patient with a pacemaker;
  • inflammatory processes.

After the procedure, the following recommendations should be followed:

1.Avoid eating for three hours after the procedure.
2.Limit the use of hot and cold food.
3.It is worth giving up solid food to maintain integrity: cracking candies and crackers.
4.Do not drink tea, coffee and other food that can stain the enamel and composite material.
5.To maintain an optimal level of acidity, rinse your mouth after eating apples, lemons and other acidic foods.

Visiting the dentist every six months is essential for a preventive examination. In addition, professional cleaning should be performed during the appointment. Also, to preserve the original appearance of the teeth, it is necessary to repolish the restoration.

How long does a dental restoration last?

Aesthetic restoration with proper care lasts up to fifteen years. It can last that long when performing regular correction and surface polishing. The quality of personal oral care routine also affects. If the rules of oral hygiene are not followed, the composite will last only three to five years.



Indirect restorations are manufactured in the laboratory and are ready to be placed. The material is modern one-piece ceramics, which is outwardly indistinguishable from the natural tooth. Simultaneously, the options vary from the smallest and thinnest – ceramic fillings, veneers, onlays, to the restorations covering several tooth surfaces – partial crowns (overlays) and full crowns.
The peculiarity of this type of restorations is exceptional accuracy, durability, no shrinkage of the material, and over time, there is no color and gloss change.
Book online
Book online

    The first step to a beautiful and healthy smile is meeting you.




    Direct restoration is convenient because, as a rule, it is performed in one visit, and you immediately get a simple solution to the aesthetic issue. It is a cost-effective and durable solution for most basic conditions.


    The advantage of ceramic veneers is selecting the nuances of their future shape, excellent durability, and service life. Besides, ceramics are not subject to discoloration and gloss loss. Another benefit is the ability to hide intense discoloration of the abutment teeth.


    When a tooth has a small defect, it did not undergo root canal treatment, and it does not bear the main chewing load, the choice in favor of a direct composite restoration is evident.

    In other cases, a monolithic ceramic restoration is worth considering since the more extensive the restoration volume, the greater the shrinkage of the material itself and the more noticeable the external effect on it will be when chewing.
    monolithic ceramic restoration


    The indirect method or placement of a specific inlay core is one of the methods of microprosthetics. The method is recommended if it is too late to place a filling due to significant tooth decay and too early to fix the crown – if the root system is intact. The product is manufactured in the laboratory by the individual casts.

    Indirect tooth restorations

    Crowns Placement

    In case of severe destruction of the crown part of the tooth or its root, aesthetic restoration is not enough. In this case, prosthetics are performed with a single crown or a stump or implant-supported bridge.

    When it comes to restoring anterior teeth, aesthetics is crucial. For this reason, patients more often choose ceramic crowns as a base and veneers due to highly aesthetic materials. Such crowns are durable, and the tooth can be restored directly. The service life of ceramic crowns reaches 10-15 years.

    Case №2
    The patient asked to replace the old photopolymer restorations of the four central incisors in the upper jaw and make the teeth whiter.
    The mandibular lateral incisor and the left premolar were missing.
    We suggested changing the height of the teeth, shape, and color using ceramic restorations.
    Final result after treatment
    Within a month, ceramic restorations were made and fixed on both jaws.
    As for the lower jaw, we suggested changing the shape of the right canine, a lateral incisor, and making a canine from the missing 4th tooth. After agreeing on the shape and color of the teeth, we started to implement the project.

    All-ceramic crowns

    All-ceramic crowns are the most aesthetically satisfying due to the translucency created by ceramic coating lamination. Such products are somewhat inferior to the porcelain fused to metal crown durability, but they resemble natural teeth and, in some cases, shine brighter than natural teeth.

    Today, there are quality e.max Press ceramic products applying modern CAD / CAM technologies available on the market. The service life of such structures is more than 15 years. Translucency, strength, and visual naturalness make dentures popular with patients.


    Zirconium crowns meet modern quality and beauty criteria. Zirconium products are durable, aesthetic, with a service life of more than 15 years.

    A single crown can be anchored to the coronal part of the tooth or a fiberglass post. Sometimes a zirconium crown is fixed on the stump tab, provided that the tooth is completely destroyed. If the root is missing or needs extraction, the crowns are placed on the implant.


    It is an innovative method of restoring the dentition requiring implantation of a titanium post into the bone tissue. The post mimics the natural tooth’s root. Later, an abutment and a crown or bridge are installed on it. Modern implantation methods are ideal even for edentulous patients.

    Implant systems provide reliable prosthetics with fixed or overdenture restoration. Manufacturers promise a lifetime warranty on their products.


    Installation of Veneers

    Veneers are aesthetic overlays for teeth with visibly damaged enamel, including chips, yellowness, microcracks, and other defects. Besides, veneers or thinner lumineers can solve the problem of slight teeth curvature. Custom-made ceramic overlays are individually manufactured in the laboratory. The term of production is about 5-14 days. Lumineers take a longer time to be manufactured.

    Veneers solve a wide range of problems associated with insufficient smile attractiveness or the desire for cosmetic improvements in dental appearance.

    In addition to ceramic overlays, veneers can also be made of composite material. In this case, the tooth’s surface is coated in layers directly in the patient’s mouth. In fact, the method of veneering with a composite material is the same direct method of aesthetic restoration but overlapping the enamel outer surface.


    How Long Do Restorations Last?

    The service life of dental restorations depends on the material type. On average, it is:

    • 10-20 years for fillings;
    • 10-15 years for lumineers;
    • 15-20 years for veneers;
    • 15-25 years for crowns, onlays..

    If you follow all the doctor’s recommendations, practice good oral hygiene, quit smoking, then the service life of the restored teeth will not be reduced.

    Before restoration, dental examination, cleaning and treatment are performed. If this is not done, teeth can decay under masking composites. Then it will require opening and proper treatment. Subsequent restoration can be more expensive.

    Aesthetic restoration of teeth is a popular method of teeth restoration in Kyiv. The Clinic of Aesthetic Dentistry offers innovative solutions, helping patients choose the ideal correction method. Investing in the beauty of a smile is not only about external aesthetics. A beautiful smile means health and confidence.

    1. What is the difference between veneers and lumineers? Veneers and lumineers are dental onlays, also called microprosthetics. Applying the traditional dental veneers usually involves grinding a part of the tooth approximately 0.3-0.7 mm. So in the future, you will have to wear veneers permanently as a protective element. Lumineers do not require tooth facing; these are the same veneers, only in the premium segment; they are extremely fine and durable but are more expensive than veneers.
    2. Is it true that fillings on front teeth discolor over time, but veneers do not? Yes, composite materials lose particles over time, and pigments get into empty micro-spaces.
    This service is provided by doctors:
    Dental Therapist
    Top-level dentist, orthodontist