WHEN TO CONSIDER A DENTAL RESTORATION?
Suppose the tooth is damaged by cavities, erosion, abrasion, trauma, or another significant defect. For example, it needs replacing an old restoration or modification to conform with objective aesthetic parameters. In short, restoration is required when a tooth has a defect that impairs its function, aesthetics or that can lead to decay.
Any restoration aims to restore the functionality and aesthetics of teeth, prolong vitality and service life.
Therefore, we strive to use all the best-known today respective techniques. The dental microscope facilitates the complete cleaning of the tooth from the signs of decay before restoration while allowing for a more gentle preparation.
DENTAL RESTORATION METHODS
There are two basic dental restoration methods for aesthetic restoration in dental therapy: direct and indirect methods.
In the first case, it is assumed that the crown part of the tooth will be augmented with light-cured composites directly in the patient’s mouth.
In the second case, unique fixtures created according to individual casts in the laboratory are used. Indirect restoration includes restoration methods such as stumps, veneers, crowns, etc.
DIRECT DENTAL RESTORATION: WHAT IS IT?
Direct restorations can be placed during a single appointment directly into the patient’s mouth. The technique is used mainly in the frontal incisors region and other teeth less loaded during mastication. To achieve high aesthetic results and efficiency, the doctor must have relevant experience. It is the optimal choice of methods, materials, and an adequate assessment in determining the restoring technique of the tooth’s integrity that provides the expected result.
The restoration’s success is achieved by applying a composite material, followed by the veneer plate’s fabrication, adhesive structures, and other forms. Direct restoration allows the restoration of partially lost teeth located along the smile line. Most often, photopolymers are used to restore the integrity of the tooth.
Indications for aesthetic dental restoration:
- diseases causing tooth decay;
- congenital dental defects or their abnormal position;
- whitening of yellow teeth;
- damage due to dental trauma;
- cracked teeth treatment.
Innovative approaches allow restoring a tooth, even if the coronal plane is destroyed by more than one-third. An essential condition in this case is preserving the dental root and the absence of pathologies of the gingival tissue in the restoration area.
Due to direct aesthetic restoration, it is possible to eliminate defects in the enamel and slightly correct the teeth position.
Relative contraindications – bruxism, permanent wear due to malocclusion, cavities. However, the restoration can be carried out after the appropriate treatment.
HOW DOES DIRECT DENTAL RESTORATION WORK?
The procedure is carried out in one visit with high-quality light-curing materials by a specialized therapist.
The tooth restoration process includes several main stages:
- preparation – hygienic cleaning of teeth, selection of polymer color, anesthesia;
- preparation of an affected area or defect within healthy tissues;
- isolation of the restored tooth from other teeth and saliva during manipulation using rubber dam;
- placement of the most transparent fiberglass pin (if necessary);
- modeling of the crown part of the tooth by layer-by-layer application of a composite material;
- grinding and polishing of a new tooth.
TYPES OF AESTHETIC TEETH RESTORATION
HOW IS DIRECT AESTHETIC RESTORATION PERFORMED?
Posterior Composite Restoration
When building up posterior teeth, not only the aesthetic component is essential, but also the functional one. The quality of the composite restoration must be high for many reasons, as the teeth experience significant stress.
Composite restoration is available in the following cases:
- part of the tissues is missing;
- there are small chips;
- there are signs of abrasion;
- a gap between teeth.
The price of the procedure depends on the materials used and the amount of intact tissue. The buildup procedure is usually painless. The patient feels comfortable when removing minor defects.
The method is chosen based on the quality and quantity of the tissue. In the case of complete root extraction, implant surgery is available. It allows returning the chewing function and prevent a change in bite. Ceramic veneers are used for a perfect smile. For restoration without loss of healthy tissue, composite reconstruction is possible.
DENTAL RESTORATION VS. VENEERS
DIRECT RESTORATIONDirect restoration is convenient because, as a rule, it is performed in one visit, and you immediately get a simple solution to the aesthetic issue. It is a cost-effective and durable solution for most basic conditions.
СERAMIC VENEERSThe advantage of ceramic veneers is selecting the nuances of their future shape, excellent durability, and service life. Besides, ceramics are not subject to discoloration and gloss loss. Another benefit is the ability to hide intense discoloration of the abutment teeth.
Installation of Veneers
Veneers are aesthetic overlays for teeth with visibly damaged enamel, including chips, yellowness, microcracks, and other defects. Besides, veneers or thinner lumineers can solve the problem of slight teeth curvature. Custom-made ceramic overlays are individually manufactured in the laboratory. The term of production is about 5-14 days. Lumineers take a longer time to be manufactured.
Veneers solve a wide range of problems associated with insufficient smile attractiveness or the desire for cosmetic improvements in dental appearance.
In addition to ceramic overlays, veneers can also be made of composite material. In this case, the tooth’s surface is coated in layers directly in the patient’s mouth. In fact, the method of veneering with a composite material is the same direct method of aesthetic restoration but overlapping the enamel outer surface.
How Long Do Restorations Last?
The service life of dental restorations depends on the material type. On average, it is:
- 10-20 years for fillings;
- 10-15 years for lumineers;
- 15-20 years for veneers;
- 15-25 years for crowns, onlays..
If you follow all the doctor’s recommendations, practice good oral hygiene, quit smoking, then the service life of the restored teeth will not be reduced.
Before restoration, dental examination, cleaning and treatment are performed. If this is not done, teeth can decay under masking composites. Then it will require opening and proper treatment. Subsequent restoration can be more expensive.
Aesthetic restoration of teeth is a popular method of teeth restoration in Kyiv. The Clinic of Aesthetic Dentistry offers innovative solutions, helping patients choose the ideal correction method. Investing in the beauty of a smile is not only about external aesthetics. A beautiful smile means health and confidence.