Periodontal disease treatment
WHAT IS PERIODONTITIS?
Periodontitis – is an inflammation of the gums and the teeth’ supporting structures and is one of the most common human diseases.Periodontitis is caused by bacteria known as periodontal bacteria. Although these bacteria are naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when their amount increases dramatically. This happens when a layer of bacteria and food debris, that is, plaque, builds up and remains intact on the teeth, usually in hard-to-reach areas such as between the teeth.
Some bacteria can multiply, producing harmful waste products that stimulate the body’s protective inflammatory response. As the disease progresses, chronic inflammation leads to the destruction of the jawbone and teeth loss.For many people, this is a gradual process that takes place over many years, and if it is detected and treated promptly, then periodontitis can be stopped.
• bad breath;
• teeth shifting;
• “longer” teeth (gum recession);
Bleeding from the gums may be less noticeable in smokers due to the effects of nicotine on blood vessels, and therefore the disease process may be masked.
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR PERIODONTITIS?
Periodontitis progresses much faster and with more rapid tooth loss in smokers. Of 100% of periodontitis cases that do not respond to treatment, about 90% are smokers.
HOW IS PERIODONTITIS TREATED?
• neodymium laser. Laser therapy for periodontitis is non-traumatic and painless, has a high disinfecting and biostimulating result;
• injection treatments with the patient’s plasma.
- professional ultrasonic teeth cleaning;
- tooth decay treatment, extraction of the decayed roots;
- extraction of teeth that cannot be treated;
- splinting – strengthening the root structure with special fasteners;
- hyaluronic acid injection;
- drug therapy: hormonal, anti-inflammatory, regenerative, anaesthetics, styptic agents, and antibiotics.
Vitamin-mineral premix is prescribed. When the real cause is identified, drug therapy aims to prevent relapse and further develop pathology.
Antibiotic therapy affects the entire body, prevents the development of distant infectious foci, abscess, sepsis, osteomyelitis, and other purulent processes. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are active against many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
Besides antibiotics, local therapy is indicated: rinsing the mouth with water-based chlorhexidine, nitrofurazone, iodinolum, ointments, and gels with antiseptic and regenerating effects.
- biogenic stimulants;
- hyaluronic acid;
- aloe extract;
- nicotinic acid and vitamin C;
- own blood plasma etc.