Periodontitis is the most common dental disease occurring in about one of every four persons. It leads to the exposure of necks of the teeth and the formation of periodontal pockets between the gums and the teeth. It is an inflammatory process, accompanied by gum recession, bone tissue destruction, and tooth loss. Periodontitis is more common among men and women over 35 years old.
An acute form of the disease involves bleeding and inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), tooth mobility and displacement. Decreased local immunity and infection cause purulent drainage.
Due to chronic periodontitis being a painless progressing disease, it does not normally have any specific clinical presentation. However, you can recognize signs of periodontal disease by answering the following questions:
1. Do your gums bleed when you eat hard food, when they are touched, or when you brush your teeth?
2. Do your gums feel sensitive or swollen?
3. Have your gums receded?
4. Do your teeth seem to be getting longer?
5. Have your teeth become mobile or displaced?
6. Has the position of your upper and lower teeth changed and has this led to gaps between the teeth?
7. Have you ever noticed pus between the gums and the teeth?
8. Have you noticed long-lasting bad breath even after brushing your teeth?
If you answered “yes” to at least one question, we recommend that you visit a dentist and check your oral health. In our clinic, we are ready to give serious consideration to your complaints and offer the treatment, if necessary.
The initial stage of the treatment process is professional hygienic tooth cleaning. Typically, after this procedure, the gum inflammation disappears, and shallow periodontal pockets close.
This process is followed by subgingival curettage using scaling and root planing (subgingival scaling of teeth). It involves thorough subgingival pocket and root brushing. Subgingival scaling is performed under local anaesthesia using an ultrasonic scaler and manual curettes.
Mechanical treatment of periodontal disease in our clinic is also performed applying neodymium laser (ND). Laser periodontal therapy is painless, not traumatic, and has increased antiseptic and biostimulating properties.
Microsurgical approach to tissue and bone regeneration
Surgical treatment of periodontitis is important for severe cases characterized by deep gingival pockets and significant bone loss. In our clinic, we work with the following recovery techniques:
1. Widening of keratinized attached gingiva.
2. Targeted soft tissue regeneration.
3. Targeted bone tissue regeneration.
4. Periodontal plastic surgery.
Our dental experts from the Clinic of Aesthetic Dentistry will recommend you effective oral hygiene techniques, carry out a basic periodontal examination to detect early stage of periodontitis, tailor an individual treatment program and provide qualified support for the entire treatment period.