Types of Prosthetic Rehabilitation in 2021
The irreversible loss of one or more teeth, up to edentulism, can be caused by various factors, among which the first is tooth decay. Defective dentition can also result from traumatic injuries, gums diseases, jaw bone tissue, and tissues surrounding the tooth. When it is not possible to restore teeth using fillings, prosthetics come to the rescue.
In modern dentistry, there is a whole list of options for placing artificial dentures that restore the aesthetic appearance of the smile and chewing function. It is important to remember that dentition defects can negatively affect the appearance and the process of chewing, leading to digestive disorders. A team of professionals in aesthetic dentistry will help you choose and place dental implants in Kyiv.
Dental Prosthetics: What Is It?
The primary purpose of prosthetics is to solve a wide range of problems associated with entirely or partially missing teeth in the upper or lower jaw. This method allows restoring the shape and aesthetics of teeth, compensating for missing teeth. The placement of artificial dental structures is required in case a person has the following dental problems:
- increased attrition of enamel;
- diastemas, cracks, chips;
- a dental crown is missing, and there is no other way to restore it;
- one or more missing teeth, as well as edentulism.
Prosthetics solves all mentioned problems and improves the quality of life. All types of prostheses used in dental practice have individual characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages.
This type of denture is one of the most common and most affordable options for removable dentures. The dentures are made of polymer materials; they can be complete and partial. Complete removable dentures are a set of false teeth recommended to people with complete teeth loss (edentulism).
The dentures are recommended if several teeth are missing in the oral cavity, but edentulism is not yet observed. Financially, the most affordable products are nylon and acrylic. Among the advantages of the products are durability, hypoallergenic properties, and safety.
Another option for dentures is a clasp design joined in the oral cavity to the abutment teeth with hooks. These designs need constant monitoring, as the friction of the hooks can damage the tooth enamel. Complete or partial dentures do not require specialized care, do not injure the jaw bone tissue, and evenly distribute the chewing load.
Clasp dentures is a removable dental design. This option has fasteners, a base, a clasp (wire arch), and crowns made of zirconium, metal-ceramics, or plastic. The clasp is the main element that unites all parts of the prosthesis. These designs have a long service life, are easy to operate, durable, and comfortable to wear.
Inlays in prosthetic rehabilitation are used to restore the shape of the tooth. This type of dental product is regarded as an analog of fillings, but unlike filling material, inlays are made in laboratory conditions from ceramics; they are durable, fall out less often, and have high wear resistance.
Stump inlays are an intermediate option between the crown and the filling. This type of dental inlays is used in case of significant destruction of the crown part of the tooth. Stump inlays do not require grinding a tooth to a stump, as with artificial crowns.
Veneers look like thin plates. This type of prosthesis is used to restore the aesthetic appearance of a smile. The famous Hollywood smile is achieved with the help of veneers. Hypoallergenic materials (composite, ceramics, zirconium dioxide) are used for veneer manufacture.
Veneers and their other type, lumineers, do not treat but radically mask such dental defects as a trema, diastema, cracks, chips, staining, and discoloration of tooth enamel. Veneers are a complete alternative to teeth whitening and can also replace braces.
After placing veneers or lumineers, it is necessary to follow particular service rules since chewing coarse food, and frequent coffee drinking and smoking can damage them. The smile zone with veneers or lumineers has no flaws in terms of both shape and color.
This type of prosthesis is used to restore decayed teeth, or rather, their crown part. The crowns are mainly indicated when the outer part of the tooth is destroyed by more than 50%. They are made from zirconium dioxide, porcelain-fused metal, and ceramics. Porcelain-fused metal is more often used for grinding units, as it is more durable. Ceramic micro-prosthetic restorations are suitable for a smile zone, as they have better aesthetic properties. Zirconia crowns can be placed in any part of the dental arch.
The indication for the dental bridges is the absence of no more than two teeth in a row. The bridges are popular due to their relatively low cost and availability. Such structures are fixed on the adjacent abutment teeth, while the area of fixation withstands double masticatory load. This can eventually lead to the rapid destruction of the supporting dental units.
This prosthetics option can be applied in case of partial and complete edentulism. The implant-supported prosthetics technique is based on introducing artificial roots into the jawbone, after which crowns are placed on the artificial roots. Fixed implant-supported prostheses are the radical and most effective way to restore dentition and chewing function and eliminate facial asymmetry resulting from tooth loss.