Oral hygiene is necessary to control the number and composition of oral microorganisms. Bacteria collect and multiply on teeth, gums, tongue and mucous membranes. Insufficient tooth brushing leads to the formation of foci of carious lesions and gum disease.
There are two types of hygiene. Personal hygiene is a daily oral health self-care. It starts in infancy, as soon as the first teeth appear. There is a wide range of tools and products for good oral hygiene.
Oral Hygiene Tools
|Toothbrushes||The size of the brush head and its mobility helps to reach hard-to-reach places. However, the main toothbrush feature is its stiffness:1. Soft. They are recommended for bleeding gums, dental diseases of the oral cavity after surgeries.2. Medium. These are universal brushes that are suitable for everyone who does not have problems with teeth and gums.3. Hard. They can be used when a person has no dental diseases; they are suitable for denture cleaning. They help remove tartar and stains from food and drinks (beets, carrots, coffee, red wine).For children, it is recommended to buy brushes with soft bristles with rounded tips. They will not injure mucous membranes.Conventionally shaped toothbrush heads clean plaque worse. V-shaped brushes tend to be better. They should be changed every three months and immediately upon the recovery from nasal and oral diseases. It would be best if you did not use someone else’s toothbrushes.Sonic (electric) toothbrushes keep gaining popularity and have become the best practice in good oral care.|
|Flosses||These are special threads for cleaning the spaces between the teeth. Floss strings can be twisted, round and flat. The threads are commonly covered with wax.When choosing floss, you need to take into account the size of the gap between the teeth. A piece of thread about 20-30 cm long is used for flossing. Movements should be smooth to avoid injuring the gums. Only dental floss can remove the minor food debris. It would help if you used it before brushing your teeth.|
|Tongue cleaners||In addition to teeth and gums, it is also essential to clean your tongue. A lot of bacteria accumulate on it, causing a foul smell. There are special scrapers in the form of spatulas with a ribbed surface for this purpose. You should move it from the back of your tongue to the tip when cleaning.|
|Irrigators||These devices direct a stream of water or solution poured into a tank between your teeth and gums. The liquid cleans hard-to-reach areas that a brush or dental floss cannot reach.It is ideal for cleaning crowns, braces, dentures. It is sufficient to use it 2-3 times a week as an adjunct to oral hygiene.|
|Interdental brushes||They are used as an additional cleaning tool when a person wears braces and bridges or have indications for periodontal disease treatment.|
Oral Hygiene Tools
|Toothpaste||When choosing toothpaste, consider several factors.They can be of different textures – cream, gel. They mostly contain fluorine but of different concentrations. When choosing a toothpaste, take into account the purpose:1. Hygienic. Designed to clean teeth from plaque, freshens breath.2. To prevent tooth decay. Contains fluoride and calcium, at the same time strengthens the enamel. Whitening. Contains an abrasive component. Therefore, you should use it no more than twice a week.3. Anti-inflammatory. It contains herbal extracts.4. Treatment-and-prophylactic. It is multi-purpose.Dental treatment paste should be used only on the advice of a doctor; the rest a person can choose according to their preferences. They can be changed or alternated. It will provide comprehensive care.|
|Mouth rinses||Mouthwash is used at least twice a day – in the morning and the evening. However, it is recommended after teeth brushing, meals, and snacks. You need to rinse your mouth for 30 seconds, and then no need to rinse it away with water.At the same time, the agent will disinfect the tongue and mucous surfaces, remove soft plaque, and prevent the development of cavities. Nevertheless, mouth rinses cannot replace other care products.|
|Cleaning foam||It is used as an additional product after the rinse aid. Or if you can’t brush your teeth after eating. It contains the enzyme papain, which dissolves plaque.The foam is spread over the teeth and left for 20 seconds. Then you spit it and don’t rinse your mouth. Foam is not a substitute for primary care products.|
|Sprey mouth freshener||It is used throughout the day to freshen breath, remove unpleasant odours.|
|Plaque indicators||They are available in the form of solutions and tablets. They are safe and do not cause allergies or side effects. After brushing, chew the disclosing tablet. It will stain the plaque pink or blue.The stains, which don’t wash off with saliva, is plaque buildup. The product is convenient for oral hygiene so that you know which areas require more attention.|
If you still have problems, a dentist will perform professional teeth cleaning. It removes plaque, tartar, and in some cases, can remineralize the teeth. Dentists use special instruments and solutions for this purpose.
In difficult cases, pain relievers are administered, painful areas are frozen. After cleaning the teeth, fluoridation (strengthening the enamel with the help of special drops) is performed. The final stage is sealing (filling of dental grooves). Then it is advisable to see a doctor every six months as part of preventive health care.
Oral Hygiene Routine
It would be best if you carried out oral hygiene daily to avoid health problems and the development of dental diseases. It is necessary to choose the brush stiffness depending on the condition of the gums and teeth. Fluoride-containing pastes are recommended. Remember to change your toothbrush every three months.
Oral hygiene routine:
- brush your teeth from all sides, twice a day (morning and evening) for at least 2-3 minutes;
- it is recommended to clean each tooth for 5-10 seconds;
- movements should be rotational, from the gum to the tooth;
- use a special brush to clean the tongue and mucous membranes of the mouth;
- use a mouthwash after brushing your teeth and after every snack;
- at the end of the procedure, thoroughly rinse the toothbrush;
- use floss after eating and before brushing your teeth;
- if it is not possible to brush your teeth after eating, use a special cleansing foam;
- use an irrigator 2-3 times a week.
Following good oral hygiene practice will help make yellow teeth whiter, the gums healthy, and prevent bleeding. The breath will be fresh and pleasant. A visit to the dentist will only be a preventive measure.
How to Get Rid of Tooth Decay without a Dentist?
More than 20 types of microorganisms live in the human mouth. They feed on food debris stuck between the teeth. Waste from bacteria causes cavities and tooth decay. Therefore, the primary treatment is daily oral hygiene. If you follow a standard oral hygiene routine but cavities still appear, then you need to brush your teeth every time after eating. It is possible to cope with tooth decay on your own only in the initial stage of the disease. There are special remineralizing pastes and gels, and vitamin complexes to treat it. But only dentists can treat moderate and deep carious lesions. In this case, it is necessary to grind the affected tissue and fill it.
Poor oral hygiene results in bad breath. Active multiplication of bacteria starts. This leads to the development of not only dental diseases but also to disruption of internal organs functioning. Moreover, the restoration of decayed teeth is expensive.