Dental restoration refers to the tooth restoration and improvement of teeth shape, colour and function.
Depending on the desired result, occlusal features, initial condition of the teeth, direct and indirect methods of restoration are applied.
Composite materials are used for direct dental restoration. A dentist applies a composite material in layers, moulds it, and cures applying dental curing light. Moreover, for grinding teeth, special high-strength composite properties are more important, while the front teeth require better optical properties. Today, it is considered the most common way to restore teeth quickly.
The larger the restored area, the greater is the external impact and material shrinkage; therefore, an indirect restoration method is often applied to prolong service life.
An indirect restoration is manufactured in a laboratory and then the finished cast is ready to be bonded into place. Traditionally, it is manufactured from modern all-ceramic materials that are indistinguishable from natural teeth.
Restoration options vary from the smallest and thinnest - ceramic fillings, onlays, veneers, to those partially covering teeth cusp - partial crowns (overlays) and crowns. This type of restoration option distinguishes by exceptional accuracy, durability, lack of shrinkage, discoloration and gloss variation.
The goal of any restoration is to restore the functionality and dental aesthetics, to extend vitality and service life. Therefore, we strive to use the best available technologies. A dental microscope facilitates the control of the caries residues removal before the restoration process allowing a more gentle preparation.
Disinfection and isolation help to keep the tooth tissues under restoration unchanged for many years that in some cases last a lifetime.
However, even teeth that need restoration do not always cause pain. For example, two old restorations were replaced due to the patient's complaints about food impaction between the teeth and the of signs of tooth decay under the fillings. After removing the filling, it became clear that pulpitis could occur relatively soon. The teeth were restored with Filtek P60, modern wear-resistant material, replacing the lost masticatory efficiency and restoring tight proximal contact. The expected useful life of such a dental restoration is 10 years.